Terminology

Above-elbow (AE) amputation – amputation through the humerus between the shoulder joint and elbow joint, also referred to as transhumeral. 

Above-knee (AK) amputation – amputation through the femur between the hip joint and knee joint, also referred to as transfemoral.

Acquired amputation – the surgical removal of one or more limbs due to complications associated with disease or trauma.

Alignment – the position of the components of a prosthesis relative to one another and the user.

Assistive/adaptive device – a product that helps an individual perform an activity or assists with mobility. 

Below-elbow (BE) amputation – amputation of the upper limb between the elbow joint and wrist joint, also referred to as transradial. 

Below-knee (BK) amputation – amputation of the lower limb between the knee joint and the ankle joint, also referred to as transtibial. 

Bilateral amputation – amputation of both lower limbs or both upper limbs.

Case manager – a professional who helps to coordinate insurance coverage, follow-up rehabilitation, prescriptions and other aspects of recovery. 

Contracture – the development of soft-tissue tightness that limits joint motion.

Contralateral – originating in or affecting the opposite side of the body. 

Desensitization – reducing or removing sensitivity in the residual limb by massaging, tapping or applying vibration.

Disarticulation – amputation directly through a joint. 

Distal – situated away from point of reference.

Edema – a type of localized swelling characterized by an excess of fluid in body tissues.

Gait – a manner of walking that is specific to each individual.

Gait training – education and instruction to improve an individual’s walking pattern. 

Liner – an interface that rolls onto the residual limb and provides a soft barrier between the skin and the prosthetic socket; used as a suspension system to hold a prosthesis onto the residual limb. 

Maturation – in prosthetics, the process whereby the shape and condition of the residual limb tissues become stable. 

Neuroma – a mass of nerve endings in a residual limb resulting from abnormal regrowth of nerves that are severed during amputation. 

Occupational Therapist – a healthcare professional who facilitates functional independence by teaching new techniques and adaptive strategies to help individuals complete necessary daily tasks.

Orthotics – a branch of medicine that refers to the use of artificial devices, such as splints and braces. 

Phantom Limb Pain – painful sensations that originate in the amputated portion of the limb. 

Phantom Limb Sensation – non-painful sensations that make it feel as if the amputated limb still exists. 

Physiatrist – a doctor of rehabilitation medicine. 

Physical Therapist – a licensed healthcare provider who is educated and trained to help individuals improve or restore moment or reduce pain. 

Pistoning – undesirable up and down motion of the residual limb in the prosthetic socket.

Ply – in prosthetics, the thickness of residual limb sock material; the higher the ply, the thicker the sock.

Prosthesis – an artificial replacement for part or all of a missing limb. 

Prosthetist – an allied healthcare professional who is specifically educated and trained to manage comprehensive prosthetic patient care, including patient evaluation, prosthesis design, fabrication, fitting and modification. 

Rehabilitation – a process aimed at enabling individuals to reach and maintain their optimal physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological, and social functional levels. 

Residual Limb – the portion of the limb that remains after amputation. 

Revision – in reference to amputation, the surgical remodification of the residual limb.

Shrinker – compression garment, sock or liner designed to reduce swelling. 

Social Worker – a professional who offers counseling and support services to patients and their families during the surgical recovery and discharge process and can identify and connect patients with community and vocational resources. 

Socket – prosthetic interface component; prosthetic container for a residual limb. 

Suspension System – a system used to keep the prosthesis attached to the residual limb. 

Test Socket – a temporary prosthetic socket used for assessing fit.

Transradial – amputation of the upper limb between the elbow joint and wrist joint

Transfemoral – amputation through the femur between the hip joint and knee joint, also referred to as transfemoral.

Transtibial – amputation of the lower limb between the knee joint and the ankle joint, also referred to as transtibial. 

Transhumeral – amputation through the humerus between the shoulder joint and elbow joint, also referred to as transhumeral. 

Volume Fluctuation – the swelling and shrinking of residual limb tissue.

Weight Bearing – the act of accepting and transferring weight in a socket.

Our Vision

We aim to bring inspiration, mentorship, and the highest quality prosthetic care to all amputees so that they may regain and re-engage with their passions for life. 

We truly believe that all people can overcome their day-to-day challenges and pursue their passions. This is seldom done alone, but rather with a family of support. The team at Perry Prosthetics invites you to become a part of our family. Together, we will provide you with a life-long relationship filled with support, knowledge and an unsurpassed quality of care.